HomeMembersSubcommissionsLists & PublicationsAffiliationsStatutesResourcesNomenclatorMeetingsLinksCoursesLogin

A Nomenclator of Friesian Sanctioned Names

                       J.L. CraneLee_Crane.jpg

                   Illinois Natural History Survey

                    Prairie Research Institute

                    University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois

For each Friesian sanctioned name in the three volumes of the Systema Mycologicum Fungorum including the Index Alphabeticus (1821-1832) and the two volumes of the Elenchus Fungorum (1828), and their obligate synonomy through 2010, the place and date of publication with pagination is presented. Not treated in this work are names considered by Fries under Genus inquirendum, Species inquirendae or species treated under sanctioned names and listed in numerical or alphabetical order. Many of the latter names are polynomials but some are binomials and have been treated in the literature as sanctioned by some authors. With some names published in exsiccati and treated by Fries as sanctioned, it was difficult to determine if these names were validly published in the exsiccati, the Friesian sanctioned works, or elsewhere. An example of this problem is Ehrharts Plantae Cryptogamae Linneae. Apparently, there are no sets of this exsiccatum in North America and inquiries in Europe brought no response. The use of the term Tribus by Fries is governed by Article 33.12 of the International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi and Plants. The Greek symbol preceding a name below the rank of species is converted to var. and the name treated as a variety. The symbols for a sanctioned name (:) and an obligate synonym () are used throughout this publication. Occasionally it was necessary to include a facultative synonym (=).

The nomenclator is divided into three sections for convenience: Ascomycetes and Anamorphic Fungi, Basidiomycetes described in Agaricus and Basidiomycetes Ceteri. Within these sections, the taxa are arranged alphabetically and the synonymy is listed chronologically for each sanctioned name. The authors of taxa are abbreviated using CABI Databases-Authors of Fungal Names. Abbreviations of books are standardized using Stafleu & Cowan, 1976, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1985, 1986, 1988, referred to as TL-2, Stafleu & Mennega, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1997, 1997, 2000, and Door & Nicolson 2009 referred to as TL-2 Suppl. Journal titles are abbreviated using BPH-2: periodicals with botanical content: comprising a second edition of Botanico-Periodicum-Huntianum / Pub. 2004.  Recent titles of books and journals not in the above sources and certain Slavic and Chinese titles were not abbreviated.

Ascomycetes and Anamorphic Fungi


Basidiomycetes Described in Agaricus


Basidiomycetes Ceteri



I am indebted to the kindness of the late D.P. Rogers who freely shared with me his library and knowledge of mycology and botanical nomenclature. He truly was a classical taxonomist, nomenclaturalist and historian of mycology. The late John Lewis Heller introduced me to the Pre-Linnean literature and the great herbalists. He was a professional classicist who succeeded in the transmission of ideas from the ancient to the modern world. I owe very special thanks to Donald Pfister of the Farlow Library and Herbarium, Harvard University and to Peter Raven of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Both these gentlemen made available to me their rich collections on botanical and mycological literature. I have obligations to many of the librarians of these two institutions, the Illinois Natural History Survey library and the biology and rare book libraries, University of Illinois. While at the Botany Libraries and the Farlow Herbarium of Harvard University, Judith A. Warnement assisted me with many cryptic references and made me feel at home. Lisa Ann DeCesare, Gretchen Wade and Tessa Updike graciously retrieved for my use numerous books and journals over a 7-year period. Genevieve E. Lewis-Gentry assisted me in locating exsiccati material. At the Missouri Botanical Library I was given free access to the rare book, Linnean and Pre-Linnean collections. Linda Oestry was my host. Mary Stiffler and Vicki McMichael assisted with bibliographic citations and in locating rarely used books and journals. Joseph Swab at the National Agricultural Library provided literature that would otherwise not be available to me. Beth Wohlgemuth deserves special mention for her assistance with interlibrary loans, the WorldCat and difficult citations. Diane C. Schmidt made available to me the University of Illinois-Biology Library rare book collection.

Any comments or corrections regarding this nomenclator should be sent to: Dr. Lee Crane.

Creative Commons LicenseThis work by International Commission on the Taxonomy of Fungi is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.